As Fissures Between Political Camps Grow, ‘Tribalism’ Emerges As THE TERM Of 2017
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It’s word-of-the-year period again. Collins Dictionary chose “Fake media” and Dictionary.com went with “complicit.” Others have proposed #metoo, “alternative points,” “take a knee,” “level of resistance” and “snowflake.”
It’s striking just how many of those will be the words and phrases that warring political camps have already been hurling at each other across our deepening national divide. The Trump presidency didn’t create that rift nonetheless it sort of made it official.
The acrimonious climate has ruined a lot of Thanksgivings, as two economists recently demonstrated. Employing cellphone tracking info, they found that People in america from politically divided families spent 20 minutes not as much time at the vacation dinner table following the election than the year before.
Wonkish conditions like “hyper-polarization” don’t commence to mention that sense of unrelenting rancor. Rather, the meme of as soon as is to say that American politics is becoming “tribal,” which I’ll make my term of the year.
It’s not a fresh word even in that meaning, but in one form or another, it has become the ubiquitous analysis for most of our political ills. “America is certainly Cursed with Tribal Morality”; tribalism is accountable for fake media and for our inability to confront sexual harassment. Meanwhile, persons abroad raise the specter of the “new tribalism” wherever the traditional nation-state seems to end up being fraying at the seams, from Catalonia to Scotland.
The word “tribe” is just a little problematic even in its traditional sense, as the first social group that predates the nation-state, united by kinship, words and rituals.
“Tribe” has a legal status in the U.S. and there’s nothing pejorative in using it for the Chippewa or Hopi. But Indigenous persons in some other parts of the world object to the word’s connotations of superstition, backwardness and savagery. Institutions like UNESCO stopped using “tribe” some years back in favor of conditions like “nation” or “ethnic group.”
But of study course it’s precisely those savage “ooga-booga” bad stereotypes that produce “tribe” thus evocative when you attach it to the political sets of modern societies. It shows that their associates have regressed to a more primitive public level, where they’re motivated only by their bond with their own kind and their hostility to outsiders. At the limit, the tale goes, they’re driven purely by primal thoughts of fear and rage that bubble up from the evolutionary depths of what persons like to call the “lizard brain.”
With the exception of a few white supremacists, most Americans feel that tribalism is a bad idea, which explains why the word is so often preceded by “ugly” or “toxic.” Where we disagree is in actually determining the tribes. To numerous people, “political tribalism” implies those reddish and blue family glowering at each other over the holiday dining room table, impatient to hurry back again to their bubbles. They’re persons whose partisan identity is becoming so central that it determines whom they’re willing to date and what brands of pizza and coffee makers they buy, not to mention which news stories they’re willing to believe.
But for others, “tribalism” is just another name for identification politics, though which identities count seeing that tribal will depend on your perspective. A Wall Road Journal editorial inveighs against what it cell phone calls the “crude political tribalism” of the organizations on the left who want to divide People in america by competition, ethnicity and gender. However the Journal provides pass to other organizations who have a tendency to vote Republican, like white evangelicals. But writers on both the left and the right have said “white evangelical” is becoming more of tribal identification than a theological one.
The fact is that however persons map out the geography of American political tribes, they always exempt themselves and their neighbors. In modern day America, we don’t think of our own political allegiances as tribal; we’re the creatures of explanation.
That gives the term an incantatory electricity – calling the associates of a group tribal is simply a way of pronouncing them impervious to rational debate. Or as you political blogger put it, “There is no reasoning with reptile.”
Persons use “tribal” to obliterate the variations between solidarity and blind group loyalty, between principled concern and reflexive rage, between the cerebral cortex and the mind stem.
There’s virtually simply no phenomenon in public life that someone hasn’t tried to discredit as tribal. A article writer in National Review blames left tribalism for creating the myth of “rape traditions”; Sen. Jeff Flake says it’s political tribalism for Republicans to support Roy Moore. Business consultants argue that it’s the tribalism of corporate white males that keeps ladies and minorities from the executive suite, but Andrew Sullivan views feminist tribalism behind Google’s efforts to employ more ladies engineers. The Guardian’s John Abraham writes that the Republicans’ tribalism has led them to deny human-caused climate switch. But based on the Wall Road Journal’s Holman Jenkins, it’s the tribalism of progressives that leads them to won’t debate the question.
Who wouldn’t look for this maddening? People use “tribal” to obliterate the variations between solidarity and blind group loyalty, between principled concern and reflexive rage, between the cerebral cortex and the mind stem.
But this isn’t surprising. If we can not see eye-to-eyesight on who will be the political tribes and who will be the forces of civilization, it is because we’re fragmented into factions that deny one another’s legitimacy. That’s what this means to say that America is becoming tribal to begin with, and one sign of that is that people can’t agree how to use the word.