Male-pattern baldness and premature greying happen to be associated with a greater threat of heart disease before the age of 40 than obesity, in respect to a new research from India. Will this mean that doctors ought to be screening our hairline alongside traditional risk factors such as our excess weight and blood pressure?
Fivefold greater risk
The brand new study, presented at the 69th Annual Conference of the Cardiological Society of India, viewed coronary artery disease, a major form of cardiovascular disease. They particularly studied men under the age of 40. That is essential as the classical risk factors are not nearly as good at predicting cardiovascular disease in younger people. This research investigated the links between premature head of hair greying, hair loss and coronary artery disease in little Indian men.
The researchers, from the UN Mehta Institute of Cardiology and Research Centre in Ahmedabad, compared men under 40 with coronary artery disease with age-matched healthy men. All participants had their amount of coronary artery disease measured using a variety of clinical tests. Participants also got their baldness and head of hair whiteness rated.
When the researchers compared results between your two groups, they discovered that men with coronary artery disease had substantially higher rates of premature greying (50% versus 30%) and male-pattern baldness (49% versus 27%). After adjusting for other factors, they discovered that male-pattern baldness carried a 5.6 times greater threat of coronary artery disease. Premature greying was associated with a 5.three times greater risk.
These hair-related factors were apparently better predictors of coronary artery disease risk than obesity, that was only associated with a 4.1 times greater risk. All of the classical risk factors had been worse at predicting coronary artery disease than male-pattern baldness and premature greying.
Focus on everything you can change
While the study is quite interesting, it must be noted that the numbers recruited were comparatively small (780 men with coronary artery disease and 1,270 healthy males). Also, the study only recruited Indian men. Before we reconsider how we screen for cardiovascular disease in people under 40, this sort of study should be repeated in a larger, more diverse group.
If these results are true, the next step is to understand why it is so. Obesity is definitely a modifiable risk point, so weight loss could be an important program in reducing the chance of future cardiovascular disease. By yet there is little we are able to do to reverse or prevent male-pattern baldness or premature greying, beyond cosmetic changes.
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It is possible these factors may be markers of biological age , which may effect cardiovascular risk. This may mean that there is little we are able to currently do to lessen this risk. There may also be genetic factors that link premature baldness or greyness with cardiovascular disease risk, but these have yet to be discovered.