President Trump has been tightening the screw on North Korea, ramping up sanctions and urging different countries to sever trade links with Kim Jong Un’s regime.
But a large number of countries have violated worldwide sanctions on Pyongyang in recent years, according to a fresh article by a Washington-based think tank.
It highlights the scale of the task facing Trump due to he tries to chop North Korea from the global trading system as a way of pressuring it to abandon its nuclear weapons method.
A complete of 49 countries violated US sanctions on North Korea to varying degrees between March 2014 and September 2017, the Institute for Science and International Protection said. Which includes North Korea’s top trading partner, China, as well as Germany, Brazil, India and France.
Thirteen of them, including Angola, Cuba, Mozambique, Tanzania, Iran, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Syria, have been linked with North Korea’s military.
“In some instances, these mostly undemocratic regimes received military training from North Korea; in others, they received or exported military related apparatus to or from North Korea,” the article said.
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The report’s authors analyzed North Korean procurement data published by the UN Panel of Exports going back three . 5 years.
The isolationist nuclear power “often cooperates with or otherwise exploits countries with weak or nonexistent export and proliferation financing controls,” they wrote. Countries with excessive degrees of corruption are targeted.
All but five of the 49 countries possess violated sanctions in other ways, such as for example facilitating front businesses for the North Korean regime or importing sanctioned goods and minerals.
Twenty countries are also linked with helping shipments to and from North Korea reach their destinations, often by “re-flagging” or changing the national registration of ships to disguise their origin.
Related: What’s still left for Trump to sanction in North Korea’s economy?
Some countries have vowed to shut down their dealings with Pyongyang lately, with India and Singapore both saying they would ban all trade this year.
Experts are actually skeptical about how exactly effectively sanctions can rein in North Korea’s nuclear method, given that the comprehensive existing restrictions haven’t left too many goods or entities to sanction.
But the report says international pressure can be effective, pointing to Uganda’s latest decision to expel North Korean officials after years of receiving police and military training from the country’s army.
“The United States and Europe in particular should press every nation engaged in military or sanctioned trade with North Korea to avoid any such activities and deploy their own sanctions… against the ones that fail to do consequently,” it added.